Yama (principles of a moral order, allowing one to be in harmony with one's fellow beings, society, nature.)
1. Ahimsa – non-violence
2. Satya – telling the truth
3. Asteya – honesty
4. Brahmacharya – control of senses and sensuality
5. Aparigraha – non-possession over material goods
Niyama: (personal discipline to progress in the path of yoga)
1. Saucha – purity
2. Santosha – contentment
3. Tapas – austerities, Yoga practice
4. Svadhyaya – study of the Self (one's true nature) and sacred scriptures
5. Ishwarapranidhana – surrender to that which is higher
Pranayama: control of energy through breathing
Pratyara: abstraction of the senses
Dyana (Chan in China, Zen in Japan): meditation
The last 3 categories are grouped under the name of Samyama (समाधि).
The first 2 principles (yama and niyama) are, alas, rarely followed, especially in the West. Yet they are part of the essential basis for truly advancing in this science and discipline.
Hatha yoga, Bhakti yoga, Karma yoga, Laya yoga, Kriya yoga, Nada yoga, Jnana yoga, Raja yoga, Ashtanga yoga, Yoga nidra, Dyana yoga etc...
In order not to mislead the reader, we are only talking here about Hatha yoga, Yoga nidra, Nada yoga and in Tibetan yoga, we are advancing paths for the understanding and practice of the 6 yogas of Naropa (see "Tibetan yoga and the secret techniques), mainly on the yoga of dreams and sleep, the yoga of transference of consciousness, the yoga of inner heat, the yoga of the intermediate state (bardo) (see "the Tibetan book of the dead), yoga clear light. (see "the awakening of the luminous spirit")
It is necessary to clarify that yoga is not a religious practice; it is a science of the mind and body, prodigious and complex, and above all a difficult practice for whoever wants to see it through to its conclusion, and which, no more than physics or mathematics, requires belonging to a any religion.
It improves those who devote themselves to it with assiduity and interest, and there are people in France belonging to the Christian religion who have drawn great benefits from it. For example, Jean Deschanet, or the monk Henri le Saux and also the priest Jules Monchanin. Yoga is also practiced in France in certain monasteries or convents.
Being a science and a technique, it is secular and compatible with all religions.
Postcard from an original work